Venue: Dhaka, Bangladesh
Dates: 29–31 March 2004
Graced by: Honourable President of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Honourable Excellency Professor Dr. Iajuddin Ahmed
In partnership with: The Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Attendance: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Iran, Jordan, Laos, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam
Objectives of RCC 4:
• To seek inputs from the RCC members on the second UN World Conference on Disaster Reduction (WCDR) to be held in Kobe, 2005;
• Seek inputs from the RCC members and observers on the RCC Project on the Development of a Comprehensive Approach to Disaster Risk Management in Asia through Advocacy and Capacity Building for Mainstreaming of Disaster Risk Management into Development Practice;
• Gain an insight into the current status and future needs of the management of urban disaster risk in the RCC member countries;
• Learn from experiences of disaster management in Bangladesh and share experiences and lessons learned from recent disasters and programs;
• Seek inputs from the RCC Members on the ADPC Primer on Disaster Risk Management.
During RCC4 a special consultative session took place for the Asian region in preparation for the UN-ISDR Second World Conference on Disaster Reduction. Countries identified the need for the enforcement and effective implementation of policies, political commitment, lack of financial and technical resources, difficulties in involving other agencies in DRR, and a need for synergies.
The RCC member countries recommended priorities for the WCDR such as mainstreaming DRM as an integral part of the development process, formulating performance indicators to measure success of DRM programs, provision of technical and financial assistance. Finally, a need for increasing coordination and capacity building was suggested for effective disaster risk management (DRM). The discussion of the WCDR outlined the constraints faced by the various countries for effective disaster management. RCC countries identified several constraints including political commitment, need for the enforcement and effective implementation of policies, and lack of effective disaster risk assessment. In addition, the RCC members identified several priorities to be addressed at the WCDR, such as, mainstreaming disaster risk management as an integral part of development processes and formulating performance indicators to measure the success of disaster risk management programs. With regards to urban risk reduction issues to be addressed by ADPC, the RCC members provided suggestions to enhance and continue the CBDRM initiatives in the cities; to facilitate the effective sharing of information; and to provide support for the enforcement of legislation, regulation and codes.
The needs of city government were also highlighted by the RCC member countries and included raising the awareness of problems to seek the involvement of multiple stakeholders; human resource development as a part of long term, targeted and effective training of specialized interest groups such as architects, engineers, health professionals, etc. and monitoring and evaluation. In addition, the RCC members also provided suggestions on the Policy Chapter of the Primer on Disaster Risk Management, for instance, the inclusion of a list of existing policies and in the absence of policy, inclusion of the procedure and guidelines for policy development and implementation and direct or generic principles of interest. Finally, the objective to learn from experiences of disaster management in Bangladesh and share experiences and lessons learned from recent disasters and programs was reflected upon RCC4. The institutional and legislative arrangements on disaster management in Bangladesh were also shared including a brief overview of the cyclone preparedness initiative in the country.
Other countries, such as Iran and Jordan, had a chance to share their experience. In addition, The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) activities on disaster management were presented in the RCC4 meeting. RCC4 initiated the Mainstreaming DRR into Development (MDRD) program ensuring the prioritization of DRR into national sectoral planning.
Key recommendations from RCC 4
• Priorities for the WCDR:
- Mainstreaming DRR as an integral part of the development process (RCC–MDRD program)
- Formulating performance indicators to measure successes of DRM programs
- Provision of technical and financial assistance
- Increased coordination and capacity building for effective DRM
• Enhance and continue CBDRM initiatives in the context of urban risk reduction
• ADPC to concentrate on advocacy among community members, implementers and policy makers
• Inclusion of gender concerns in urban risk management